Common Name
Scientific Name
Vitex pinnata
Growth Form and Foliage
  • Tree is 1 - 15 m high.
  • The bark is yellowish grey or light brown, smooth to flaky and sometimes fluted.
  • Leaves are compound, usually with 3 leaflets (sometimes 1 - 5 leaflets). Central leaflet is elliptic, 8.2 - 24 cm long and 3 - 9 cm wide while side leaflets are smaller.
  • Inflorescence (8 - 20 cm long) comprised of many small flowers
  • Each flower (about 8 mm in diameter) have 5 white to violet petals which are fragrant.
  • Leaf-like bracteoles (7 - 15 mm long and 6 mm wide) are present.
Fruits are purplish black, 5 - 8 cm diameter, round, shiny and fleshy with seeds enclosed in stone hard endocarp.
Found in primary, secondary forests and peat swamps, usually along water bodies.
Ethnobotanical features
In Sarawak, the leaves and bark are used in traditional medicine to treat stomach aches, to expel intestinal worms and to treat wounds.

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